The Nancy Grace Roman Space Telescope

Details

NASA currently its next-generation space telescope, the Wide-Field Infrared Survey Telescope. In honor of Nancy’s first chief astronomer, Nancy Grace Roman, who paved the way for space telescopes focusing on the wider universe. The short-named Nancy Grace Roman Space Telescope – or Roman Space Telescope – is set to launch in the mid-2020s.

It will investigate ball-like long-term astronomical mysteries behind the expansion of the universe and look for distant planets outside our solar system. Launched over 30 years ago as the 7th Cons of NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope, Roman relentlessly advocated for new equipment that would allow scientists to study the vast universe from space.

I can’t think of a better name than WFIRST, which will be the successor to NASA’s Hubble and Web Telescope. Nancy Roman, Hubble’s mother – deserves better.

Who was Nancy Grace Roman?

Despite being discouraged from going into a science – the head of the physics department at Swarthmore College told him that he usually stopped girls from getting into physics but he could ‘make it’ – Roman graduated in astronomy from Swarthmore in 1946 and graduated from the University of Chicago in 1949. Degree. Roman arrived at NASA in 1959, just six months after the agency was founded. ” I knew that taking on this responsibility meant I could no longer do research, but the challenge was that in an interview with NASA, he said, “I believe that astronomy will have an impact for decades to come.” Although Roman said that men usually Treating him equally, he also revealed in an interview that he had to use the prefix “Dr.” with his name because “otherwise, I can’t get away from the secretaries.”

When he arrived at NASA, astronomers could get data from balloons, sound rockets, and planes, but they could not measure all the wavelengths of light. Roman knew that NASA would have to send a telescope into space to see the universe through a more powerful, uninterrupted eye. Under Roman leadership, NASA launched four orbiting astronomical observatories between 1966 and 1972. After all, Roman was credited with making the Hubble Space Telescope a reality.

What is the Roman Space Telescope?

The Roman Space Telescope will be a NASA observatory designed to answer questions about dark energy, exoplanets and infrared astrophysics. The telescope has a primary mirror that is 2.4 meters (9.9 feet) in diameter and the same size as the primary mirror of the Hubble Space Telescope.

The Roman Space Telescope is designed for two wide, wide-field instruments and a technology demonstration chronograph instrument. Widefield instruments will have a field of view that is 100 times larger than that of the Hubble infrared instrument, which will capture more of the sky with less observation time. The chronograph instrument will serve a spectrum of higher contrast imaging and distinct adjacent explanations.

The WFIRST project passed a critical program and technical milestone in February, giving the mission the official green light to begin hardware development and testing. As soon as the latest key milestone is passed, the team will begin finalizing the mission design by creating engineering test units and models to ensure that the design is stuck under the final conditions during the opening and while in space.

Closure

NASA’s Fiscal Year 2020 Consolidated Appropriations Act is not included in the Fiscal Year 2021 budget request because the administration wants to focus on completing the James Webb Space Telescope by financing the WFIRST program by September 2020.

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